Archive for April, 2011

Building a root cellar to keep your produce.

Instructions …things you’ll need: Shovel Excavator, tractor or backhoe 8-by-8-by-16-inch concrete cinder blocks–number determined by the size of the cellar (for a 12-by-12-foot cellar, you would need roughly 400 blocks) Fiberglass impregnated concrete bonding agent or concrete mortar 4-by-8-foot roof beams 2-by-8-foot for blocking between the beams Black plastic (6 mil or heavier) 9 sheets 3/4-inch plywood or OSB 6 feet of 2-inch PVC pipe 1 2-inch PVC 90-degree elbow … all items can be found at Evergreen Supply in Clark Fork.

1 Choose where you want the root cellar located and decide how large a room you want. Dig a hole that will be two to three times larger on all sides so you have room to work. A tractor, backhoe or excavator make quick work of this project.

2 Mark and square your corners. Lay out string lines and place your first row of concrete blocks. Stack the blocks to build the walls to about 7 feet, which takes 11 rows of standard cinder blocks, offsetting each row so the vertical seams don’t line up. Coat the exterior walls with a fiberglass-impregnated concrete bonding agent. This provides a watertight seal and locks the blocks together more securely than filling them with more concrete. Allow the bonding agent to cure. An alternative to this is to mortar the blocks together and then coat them with a concrete sealer. However, this is much slower, and has no greater strength.

3 Place 4-by-8 beams across the roof every two feet. Secure the beams to the concrete blocks using ties and concrete fasteners. Install 2-by-8 blocking between the beams at the edge of the structure, securing them by driving nails at an angle into the beams. Sheet the beams with two layers of 3/4-inch plywood. Seal the roof with a heavy-duty, foundation-type sealing compound. Then place heavy black plastic (6 mil or more) over the roof to provide an extra layer of moisture protection.

 4 Carefully back fill all sides of the structure, doing a little on each side, then working your way around. Keep the pressure even on all sides, or the force of the soil can actually push the structure to an angle. Cover the roof preferably to a depth of two feet of soil. Plant grass to hold the soil in place.

5 Frame in the doorway and install a well-insulated door. Ideally, you would build a short tunnel at the doorway and install two doors, creating an airlock for even better temperature control; however, this is not a requirement.

6 Install a simple vent to allow air flow in the cellar to prevent mold and mildew from forming and keep the air relatively fresh. Using two-inch PVC pipe, run the pipe out the top of the cellar with the air deposited at the bottom of the cellar.

 7 Install shelves and bins for food storage.

It’s also a good idea to either run a power line and install a light or place a battery-operated lantern inside the door for visibility.

nepa_root_cellar                       shy_bear_farm_root_cellar

Healthy eating and drinking on a budget

Having a your own garden has many health benefits – and is very cost effective as well. You may have to spend a few bucks to get all the equipment you need, but after that your garden can become a money saving machine.

Not only will you be able to make homemade meals and drinks from homemade vegetables, but having in the garden calls for exercise and spending time outside on nice sunny days.

What makes having a garden so cost effective and so potentially healthy, is that it dramatically reduces the cost of juicing your own vegetables – something that can become extremely costly but many people still do because of the extreme health benefits that it provides. Juicing and drinking your own vegetables has several advantages over eating vegetables or drinking store bought juice, and different vegetables have different benefits.

For instance, cabbage juice, though not so tasty, is very rich in vitamin U and is widely known for its amazing ulcer healing capabilities, while juicing zucchini can help with bladder problems, can act as a body coolant, and is a good internal cleanser.

All vegetables have their own unique benefits, and the advantage of having your own garden is that you can grow vegetables, juice your own vegetable, and create new and unique recipes at will – all on a budget. Not to mention make tomato sauce, stir fry’s, and anything else that involves vegetables and eating.

The Benefits of Growing Your Own Food

Environmentalists have been admonishing us for years to conserve fuel to lessen our impact on the planet. Some of us have taken heed by walking, biking, carpooling, combining trips, or trading in our SUVs for hybrids. While you probably appreciate these efforts, frankly, the majority of us didn’t change. That was until gas prices hit an all-time high last year. As a result, people actually modified their behaviors to conserve gas. The fact that it was a boon to the environment wasn’t the catalyst, although the effect was the same. Put simply, sometimes it takes a hit to the wallet to rustle up real change.

Now that the entire economy is in a slump, people are responding by tightening up and reducing consumption in general—not just at the pump. The cost of everything seems to be higher these days, especially at the grocery store, a trip you can’t skip. Maybe you can skip it, or at least drastically slash your bill, by growing your own food.

Growing fruits and vegetables seems overwhelming to most people, but it’s actually much simpler than it sounds. (Plus you don’t have to trade in your suburban or urban lifestyle for a life in the sticks in the name of self-sufficiency or savings.) All you need is a few square feet of the great outdoors, a water source, and a little time. Your grandparents did it, and so can you.

If you still aren’t convinced, consider these benefits of backyard gardening:

  1. Improve your family’s health. Eating more fresh fruits and vegetables is one of the most important things you and your family can do to stay healthy. When they’re growing in your backyard, you won’t be able to resist them, and their vitamin content will be at their highest levels as you bite into them straight from the garden. Parents, take note: A study published in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association found that preschool children who were almost always served homegrown produce were more than twice as likely to eat five servings of fruits and vegetables a day—and to like them more—than kids who rarely or never ate homegrown produce.
  2. Save money on groceries. Your grocery bill will shrink as you begin to stock your pantry with fresh produce from your backyard. A packet of seeds can cost less than a dollar, and if you buy heirloom, non-hybrid species, you can save the seeds from the best producers, dry them, and use them next year. If you learn to dry, can, or otherwise preserve your summer or fall harvest, you’ll be able to feed yourself even when the growing season is over.
  3. Reduce your environmental impact. Backyard gardening helps the planet in many ways. If you grow your food organically, without pesticides and herbicides, you’ll spare the earth the burden of unnecessary air and water pollution, for example. You’ll also reduce the use of fossil fuels and the resulting pollution that comes from the transport of fresh produce from all over the world (in planes and refrigerated trucks) to your supermarket.
  4. Get outdoor exercise. Planting, weeding, watering, and harvesting add purposeful physical activity to your day. If you have kids, they can join in, too. Be sure to lift heavy objects properly, and to stretch your tight muscles before and after strenuous activity. Gardening is also a way to relax, de-stress, center your mind, and get fresh air and sunshine.
  5. Enjoy better-tasting food. Fresh food is the best food! How long has the food on your supermarket shelf been there? How long did it travel from the farm to your table? Comparing the flavor of a homegrown tomato with the taste of a store-bought one is like comparing apples to wallpaper paste. If it tastes better, you’ll be more likely to eat the healthy, fresh produce that you know your body needs.
  6. Build a sense of pride. Watching a seed blossom under your care to become food on your and your family’s plates is gratifying. Growing your own food is one of the most purposeful and important things a human can do—it’s work that directly helps you thrive, nourish your family, and maintain your health. Caring for your plants and waiting as they blossom and “fruit” before your eyes is an amazing sense of accomplishment!
  7. Stop worrying about food safety. With recalls on peanut butter, spinach, tomatoes and more, many people are concerned about food safety in our global food marketplace. When you responsibly grow your own food, you don’t have to worry about contamination that may occur at the farm, manufacturing plant, or transportation process. This means that when the whole world is avoiding tomatoes, for example, you don’t have to go without—you can trust that your food is safe and healthy to eat.
  8. Reduce food waste. Americans throw away about $600 worth of food each year! It’s a lot easier to toss a moldy orange that you paid $0.50 for than a perfect red pepper that you patiently watched ripen over the course of several weeks. When it’s “yours,” you will be less likely to take it for granted and more likely to eat it (or preserve it) before it goes to waste.

Even if you don’t have big backyard—or any yard for that matter—you can still grow food. Consider container gardening if you have a sunny balcony or patio or an indoor herb garden on a windowsill. You’ll be amazed at how many tomatoes or peppers can grow out of one pot. Or find out if your city has a community garden, where you can tend to your very own plot. Check out to locate a community garden near you.

If you need more inspiration, read Barbara Kingsolver’s book, Animal, Vegetable, Miracle, which chronicles her family’s yearlong commitment to feeding themselves. In beautiful prose, she describes how they grew or raised close to everything they ate, and by the end of the year, they didn’t want to quit!

Whatever your motivation for breaking ground on your own backyard garden, chances are good that you’ll take pleasure in this new healthy hobby, and that your wallet, the environment, your body, and your taste buds will thank you! Bj

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